According to Wikipedia the history of the garage door could possibly date back as far as 450 BC when chariots were stored in gatehouses. Of course chariots and other horse drawn transportation eventually gave way to the motor car and owners were quick to develop specific housing for their precious and significant investment.
While hinged wooden doors based on stable doors were the initial flavour of the month in the early 20th century, that gave way to an uplifting one piece upward lifting door still made out of wood.
American Leno Martin is credited with inventing one of the first one-piece overhead type garage doors in 1936 and the race to develop the best garage door was on. Since then a wide variety of garage doors which hideaway when opened have been invented with materials such as aluminium and steel coming into vogue, taking the place of wood; although in recent years wood is making
Rolling doors began to capture the market in the 1950s with tilting doors going out of fashion. The invention of the remote opening increased the interest in developing new styles of doors with materials which included insulation becoming more fashionable.
When selecting a garage door many home owners now want the door to fit in with the overall look of their house and will select doors to match the property aesthetics.
It is probably best to get the advice of the experts, and when it comes to fitting the door that is almost essential, given the precise measurements needed to ensure the door fits properly. Most garage door manufacturers will manufacture a door to a client’s specific requirements.
Here are some of the current garage doors on the market:
Have largely been superseded by more modern styles of garage doors, but can be a cheap alternative. The big disadvantage of these doors is that the swing up arc of the door occurs partially outside the garage, which means a vehicle must stop and park several feet in front of the door to avoid being hit by the garage door when it is opened.
This type of door is made from a number of rigid sections or panels that are hinged together and move vertically in the opening, then horizontally along the ceiling, guided by tracks and counter-balanced with springs.
These doors are the most aesthetically adaptable of most garage doors, and are available in a range of colours, patterns and may also feature windows. Sectional doors can be made of wood and other materials, but are most commonly made of steel. They can also utilise thermal panels.
Sectional doors can extend up to 6.5 metres across, thus catering for even the widest of modern cars when stored in a double garage and do not require any space outside the garage to open.
Usually comprise of a ribbed steel curtain that moves vertically in the opening and rolls up and around a drum adjacent to the lintel. The door curtain is guided by vertical tracks and counterbalanced with springs.
Roller doors are particularly suitable for garages and sheds where there is plenty of headroom above the opening and where a traditional look is required. An opener can be fitted to either end of the door drum for automatic operation.
Flexible doors are generally made from a durable roller door curtain that is fitted on a curving track – which slides from a vertical position up into a horizontal position, close to the ceiling.
It is especially suited to applications where there is not the headroom for a rolling door, or where a safer, smoother and easier to use solution is required to replace an existing tilt door.